Differences Between Siemens S7-200 and S7-300 PLCs
- Modularity vs. Integration:
- The S7-200 series is an integrated PLC, where the CPU module, I/O modules, and power supply are all integrated into a single module known as the CPU module.
- The S7-300 series is more modular, with separate modules for power supply, I/O, and CPU.
- S7-200 series modules are mounted on a rail called the “guide rail”.
- S7-300 series modules are mounted in a rack, allowing for more distributed control.
- S7-200 series modules are connected through data connectors located above the module.
- S7-300 series modules are connected through a bottom-mounted U-shaped bus connector.
- Programming Languages:
- The S7-200 series supports three programming languages: Statement List (STL), Ladder Diagram (LAD), and Function Block Diagram (FBD).
- The S7-300 series supports additional programming languages: Structured Control Language (SCL) and Graph (S7 graph) in addition to STL, LAD, and FBD.
- The S7-200 series is suitable for small PLC systems, typically used for control objects with 256 I/O points or fewer.
- The S7-300 series is designed for medium-sized PLC systems, suitable for control objects with more than 256 I/O points but up to 1024 I/O points.
In summary, the S7-300 series offers more advanced features and modularity compared to the S7-200 series, making it more suitable for larger and more complex control systems. Regarding software, the S7-300 series provides a wider range of programming languages and capabilities. The choice between the two PLC series should be based on the project requirements and the scale of the control system needed.